Regular cars, hybrid cars, plug-ins, electric cars, solar cars, and hydrogen fuel cells are some of the automotive technologies that continue to confuse people. You should note that the main difference is between a traditional combustion engine and modern methods of powering the engine. Recently, the traditional combustion engine and electric engine have been combined to create a hybrid system. The hybrid systems are designed to improve gas mileage, save on fuel consumption, and decrease pollution. However, all hybrids are not the same.
Internal Combustion Engine
As you know, regular cars feature an internal combustion engine that was invented in the 19th century. Until recently, the engine used diesel fuel or gasoline obtained from fossil fuel. The engine burns the fuel that creates heat and expansion of gases causing the movement of pistons in an engine. Ideal combustion could form water and carbon dioxide as the byproducts. Unfortunately, you cannot achieve perfect combustion. Thus, the internal combustion engines also emit nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide that cause air pollution. In this way, they contribute to global warming.
This type of engine combines the internal engine technology plus electric engine technology. In this case, the electric engine uses rechargeable batteries. The batteries are recharged by the car by plugging into the electricity grid. The good thing about hybrids is that they improve fuel efficiency and reduce tailpipe emissions and energy costs. Over time, it is estimated that the electric engine will replace the internal combustion engine that is less efficient, especially during startup.
In this case, the car combines electric engines and internal combustion engines. However, the rechargeable battery is charged by energy and waste heat from the conventional engine when the vehicle is decelerating. An example of a true hybrid car is Toyota Prius. It does not need an external source of energy.
Some hybrids are being developed to use biofuels, hydrogen fuels, and diesel to power the internal combustion engines.
Hybrid Cars Advantages
Better Fuel Economy
It is estimated that hybrid vehicles can drive for about 60 miles on a single gallon of gasoline. In this way, you can save a lot of money that is spent on fuel. Usually, normal cars go for about 12 to 30 miles per gallon of fuel. Although the hybrid car will significantly cost a lot upfront, the fuel savings will offset the cost of the car over time.
The truth is that hybrid cars emit a minimal amount of greenhouse gases as compared to normal cars. This is because the electric engine offsets a large part of the work that is done by the internal combustion engine. Although it operates in the electric-only mode, the hybrid car does not produce emissions at all. Therefore, having hybrid cars is good for our planet.
Usually, hybrid car users get the tax credit. Most governments are now offering incentives and deductions. They can also get discounts on parking. Also, various insurance companies are offering discounts for hybrid owners.